Marcin Zieliński, Marcin Dębowski, Mirosław Krzemieniewski, Anna Grala, Magda Dudek
Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski, Olsztyn
Used in wastewater treatment anaerobic dairy use modern methods of anaerobic reactors. Improvements are still sought methods that will enable faster and more efficient dairy wastewater. One of these improvements can be applied to microwave radiation. The solution presented in the article RBMC microwave reactor is used to stimulate the anaerobic digestion process. The obtained results allow to evaluate the potential use of microwaves to the development of thermal conditions in a reactor operating at an industrial scale. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the methane fermentation of whey at a temperature of 35 ° C using an anaerobic reactor with microwave heating system. In the course of the work carried out two related research objectives: the analysis of the efficiency of the fermentation reactor with an innovative hybrid design and study the impact of the method of heating the reactor to the process. Terms construction and reactor technology used RBMC allowed to conduct research in a convection heating and microwave. Conducted research aimed to validate or exclude the presence athermal effects of microwave effects on the process of wastewater treatment. In order to demonstrate the effect of microwaves on the process of anaerobic digestion of whey in mesophilic conditions, tests were carried out in two stages with different heating process of fermentation. In the first stage, the reactor was heated using a microwave generator, while the second uses a water jacket, and the heating takes place by convection. In each of the stages identified five series of different sizes of cargo delivered OLR organic compounds in the range of 5 to 25 kg COD/(m3∙d). The analyzes carried out showed that the applied microwave heating significantly affect the efficiency of whey disposal, but this effect was observed in the higher ranges of the reactor load (series 3, series 4, series 5). The use of microwave radiation had a significantly higher number of resulting biogas and removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand at a load of 15 g COD /(L∙d) and higher. The most effective in terms of technological operation of the reactor was load of 15 g COD /(L∙d) Under these conditions, resulting in high efficiency contaminant removal with a considerable amount of biogas rich in methane. At the same time the concentration of total suspended solids in the effluent did not exceed 1000 mg /L. The results show that the use of microwaves in wastewater treatment may be an effective improvement classic methods.
hybrydowy reaktor; system ogrzewania
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