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Jędrzej Nyćkowiak*, Jacek Leśny*, Radosław Juszczak*, Janusz Olejnik*, Andrzej Blecharczyk*, Edwin Haas**, Ralf Kiese**, Klaus Butterbach-Bahl**
*Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy, Poznań
**Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Niemcy

Streszczenie
The purpose of the work was to assess the results of simulation of soil water content (SWC) and the simulated crop yield quantity using a module LandscapeDNDC model which belongs to the family of DNDC models. The assessment was conducted on the outcome data gathered during the simulation carried out in the experimental plots of Agricultural Experimental Station in Brody (nearby Poznań, Poland) in the period of 28 March to 13 August 2012. The crops grown in the experimental fields were as follows: alfalfa, potatoes, winter wheat, rye and spring barley. Average daily content of water in the soil at the depth of 10 cm from 28 March to 13 August 2012 was 12.95 ± 0.52% (CI = 95%). This value was measured by the sensors installed in the automatic measurement site located 20–60 meters from individual experimental fields. This area in 2011/2012 was overgrown by low vegetation (monocotyledons and dicotyledons). Simulated average value of SWC for the experimental plots in the same period was 12.43 ± 0.85%. These results lead to a conclusion that the model correctly simulates water conditions of the soil. Simulations conducted in LandscapeDNDC brought the crop yield results which amounted from 64.4 to 116.1% of the specific actual crop yield. The crop yield quantity of spring barley was simulated most accurately, then the crops of alfalfa, winter wheat and potatoes. The measured quantity of winter rye crop yield (7.1 t ha-1) differs from national average quantity which was 2.4 t ha-1 in the years from 1999 to 2011. Such a big crop yield obtained in the experimental plot is rare in farming conditions, which results in the overestimation of the crop yield quantity by the model.

Słowa kluczowe
LandscapeDNDC; warunki wodne

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