Central Institute for Labour Protection – National Research Institute (CIOP-PIB), Warsaw, Poland
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The present investigation was aimed to study the cytotoxic response induced by molybdenum disulfide in nano- (MoS2-NPs) and micro- (MoS2-MPs) size of particle in human bronchial (BEAS-2B) and alveolar (A549) cells. The cells were exposed with different particle size of MoS2 in concentrations range 1-200 µg/mL for 24, 48, and 72 h, and then the cytotoxicity assays (MTT and NRU) was performed. Afterwards, long-term toxicity was assessed by colony forming efficiency assay (CFEA) during 10 days exposure of the cells.
Both MoS2-NPs and MoS2-MPs showed similar, weak cytotoxic effects on BEAS-2B and A549 cells assessed by MTT assay, that is reduction of cell viability to approx. 60-70% at concentrations of 2.5 and 5 μg/mL. The percentage viability remained relatively constant at this level across all concentrations above 5 μg/mL. In long-term exposure, both MoS2 inhibited colony formation in a wider range of concentrations to 200 µg/mL. MoS2-NPs were slightly more cytotoxic than MoS2-MPs. The data suggest the low potential hazardous nature of both MoS2 tested with an indication of higher toxicity of MoS2-NPs.
molybdenum disulphide, nanoparticles, cytotoxicity