Edyta Dudkiewicz, Natalia Fidorów, Janusz Jeżowiecki
Gas-fired infrared radiators become more widely used in large-space buildings. This is due to the way of use of the hall, distribution of work stations and the heat upward lifting in convection heating. Despite the advantages of gas-fired radiators and significant savings in comparison to other heating systems, the breach of thermal conditions and thermal discomfort of workers is often observed as the result of the incorrect selected number and power of the devices. Majority of designers take into consideration a heat power of radiators not the power of radiation send towards occupied zone. Efficiency of radiators without or with poor radiating screen insulation equals 45 to 55%. As the result the installed heating power should be twice greater than calculated heating load. Unfortunately most producers do not provide the radiation efficiency of devices. This results from the necessity of execution of expensive examinations according to the PN-EN 419-2 standard, that are not conducted in Poland. Some radiators with radiation efficiency as high as 80% appeared on the market. Their price is over twice higher than low efficient radiators. Three types of radiators, taking in account radiation efficiency, have been selected for calculation example. Their gas consumption during heating season have been compared. Cumulative cost analysis have been performed for those systems for two fuel tariffs. The analysis showed that the choice of tariff influence the heating costs for chosen type of radiators. The investment with high initial cost, because of high price of more efficient system starts to pay back after three years. Moreover in the article the rules for selection of ceramic gas-fired radiators and definitions of efficiencies have been given and the methodology of the radiation efficiency examination, according to the PN-EN 419-2 standard, have been described.
sprawność promienników; zużycie energii
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